Detection of Torque Teno Virus Antigen and Associated Risk Factors among Hemodialysis Patients
اروى مجاهد عبد الله
Authors : Hadeer Mohammed Ali, Arwa Mujahid Al-Shuwaikh, Jawad Kadhem Manuti
The aim: To determine the prevalence of TTV in patients undergoing hemodialysis and to evaluate the possible risk factors. Materials and methods: This study was conducted in 93 patients, attending hemodialysis unit at AL-Imammain AL-Kadhimain Medical City Hospital for a period from November 2020 to March 2021. The demographic and clinical characteristics including age, sex, underling medical condition, hepatitis B and C status and laboratory tests such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) and total serum bilirubin (TSB) were obtained from the record of the patients in hemodialysis unit in the hospital. Direct detection of TTV-Ag was done by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: TTV-Ag was detected in 38 out of 93 (40.9%) hemodialysis patients. Demographic, clinical and risk factors i.e. sex, age, history of diabetes, history of hypertension, history of blood transfusion, number of blood transfusion, the hemodialysis duration, history of surgery and liver enzymes levels did not show significant relation (P>0.05). Conclusions: This study showed high prevalence of Torque Teno virus in hemodialysis patients, however, TTV did not play a role in liver injury among these patients.

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