Detection of Candidemia in a Sample of Iraqi Neonates Admitted to the Neonates Intensive Care Unit (NICU) by Molecular Methods
ازهار عبد الفتاح ابراهيم
Authors : Mihad Shakir Nasif *, Azhar Abdul Fattah Al-Attraqchi, Areej Abdul Abass
Candidemia is a leading cause of sickness and mortality in neonatal care. Although current diagnostic methods are beneficial, a better knowledge of molecular pathways is necessary for enhancing detection. This study used molecular techniques to assess the incidence of candidemia in infants being treated in Iraqi NICUs. Using a cross-sectional experimental design, blood samples from newborns exposed to different risk factors were analyzed. The use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) that targeted the ITS1 and ITS2 regions facilitated the identification of fungi. Several Cladosporium species, such as Cladosporium macrocarpum, Cladosporium allicinum, Cladosporium limoniforme, Cladosporioides, and Cladosporium tenuissimum, were found, which was unexpected. .

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