Triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein ratio as a predictor for insulin resistance in a sample of healthy Iraqi adults
قاسم شرهان حرج
Authors : Zahraa Abdul Ghani, Hussein Qaddori, Qasim Al-Mayah
Insulin resistance (IR) is a common pathophysiological condition associated with many metabolic diseases, including obesity, prediabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and cardiovascular disease. The widely used homeostasis model assessment for IR (HOMA-IR) is usually used to estimate IR. However, this model cannot be used for screening IR due to several logistic difficulties, such as costs and insulin instability, which are essential for measurement. Thus, finding feasible alternatives is of paramount importance. This study aimed to evaluate the value of triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (TG/HDL-c) ratio in predicting IR in healthy adult individuals. The study involved 83 euglycemic non-diabetic adults (≥45 years old). Lipid profile, fasting insulin, fasting blood sugar (FBS), and glycated hemoglobin were measured for all participants. The TG/HDL-c ratio was calculated by dividing TG by HDL. Insulin resistance was calculated using the HOMA-IR formula. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of the TG/HDL-c ratio. The prevalence of IR among healthy adult Iraqis was 28.92%. Subjects in the IR group showed a higher TG/HDL ratio than the insulin-sensitive group (3.69±0.68 versus 2.71±1.0) with a significant difference. The area under the curve (AUC) for this ratio was 0.849, 95% CI= 0.763- 0.935, p<0.002. The sensitivity and specificity of the test were 83% and 81%, respectively, at a best cut-off value of 3.1 (TG/HDL ratio). The prevalence of IR among healthy adult Iraqis was 28.92%. Triglyceride/HDL-c ratio had a very good predictive value for IR.

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